In feudal law. A service (or the ceremony of rendering it) which a tenant was bound to perform to his lord on receiving investiture of a fee, or succeeding to it as heir, in acknowledgment of the tenure. It is described by Littleton as the most honorable service of reverence that a free tenant might do to his lord. The ceremony was as follows: The tenant, being ungirt and with bare head, knelt before the lord the latter sitting, and held his hands extended and Joined between the hands of the lord, and said: “I become your man [homo] from this day forward, of life and limb and earthly honor, and to you will be faithful and loyal, and bear you faith, for the tenements that I claim to hold of you, saving the faith that I owe unto our sovereign lord the king, so help me God.” The tenant then received a kiss from the lord. Homage could be done only to the lord himself. Litt. s 85; Glanv. lib. 9, c. 1; Bract fols. 77b, 78-80; Wharton.”Homage” is to be distinguished from “fealty,” another incident of feudalism, and which consisted in the solemn oath of fidelity made by the vassal to the lord, whereas homage was merely an acknowledgment of tenure. If the homage was intended to include fealty, it was called “liege homage;” but otherwise it was called “simple homage.” Brown. Homage ancestral. In feudal law. Hornape was called by this name where a man and hi& ancestors had immemorially held of another and his ancestors by the service of homage, which bound the lord to warrant the title, ana also to hold the tenant clear of all services to superior lords. If the tenant aliened in fee, his alienee was a tenant by homage, but not by homage ancestral. Litt. 1148; 2 Bl. Comm. 300. Homage jury. A jury la a court-baron, consisting of tenants that do homage, who are to inquire and make presentments of the death of tenants, surrenders, admittances, and the like. Homage liege. That kind of homage which was due to the sovereign alone as supreme lord, and which was done without any saving or exception of the rights of other lords. Spelman.
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