torts, civil law. Those acts which, although not committed by the persons responsible for them, are by implication of law supposed to have been committed by their command, by other persons for whom they are answerable. They are also injuries which have been caused by one person to another, without any intention to hurt them. 2. Of the first class of quasi offences are the injuries occasioned by agents or servants in the exercise of their employments. A master is, therefore, liable to be sued for injuries occasioned by the neglect or unskillfulness of his servant while in the course of his employment, though the act was obviously tortious and against the master’s consent as, for fraud, deceit, or other wrongful act. Action on the case for deceit, B. A master is liable for a servant’s negligent driving of a carriage or navigating a ship; 1 East, 105; or for a libel inserted in a newspaper of which defendant was proprietor.. The master is also liable not only for the acts of those immediately employed about him, but even for the acts of a sub-agent, however remote, if committed in the course of his service; and a corporate company are liable to be sued for the wrongful acts of their servants; 3 Camp. 403; when not, see 4 M. & S. 27. 3. But the wrongful or unlawful acts must be committed in the course of the servant’s employment, and while the servant is acting as such; therefore a person who hires a post chaise is not liable for the negligence of the driver, but the action must be against the driver or owner of the chaise and horses. . 4. A master is not in general liable for the criminal acts of his servant willfully committed by him. 2 Str. 885. Neither is he liable his servant willfully commit an injury to another as if a servant willfully drive his master’s carriage against another’s, or ride or beat a distress damage feasant. . In some cases, however, where it is the duty of the master to see that the servant acts correctly, he may be liable criminally for what the servant has done; as where a baker’s servant introduced noxious materials in his bread. 3 M. & S. 11; Ld. Raymond, 264; 4 Camp. 12. And on principles of public policy, a sheriff is liable civilly for the trespass, extortion, or other willful misconduct of his bailiff.