(noun) – A self-governing town or village. The name given to the committee of the people in the French revolution of 1793; and again, in the revolutionary uprising of 1871, it signified the attempt to establish absolute self-government in Paris, or the mass of those concerned in the attempt In old French law, it signified any municipal corporation. And in old English law, the commonalty or common people. 2 Co. Inst 540.
(adjective) – Latin: Common. Commune concilium regni. The common council of the realm. One of the names of the English parliament. Commune forum. The common place of justice. The seat of the principal courts, especially those that are fixed. Commune plaeitum. In old English law. A common plea or civil action, such as an action of debt. Commune vinculum. A common or mutual bond. Applied to the common stock of consanguinity, and to the feodal bond of fealty, as the common bond of union between lord and tenant. 2 Bl. Comm. 250; 3 Bl. Comm. 230.